Cantonment of India
India has 63 listed cantonments, while there are about 107 cantonments housing defense personnel spread over the country, with another 15 locations which were cantonments earlier, now absorbed by civil corporations for public living, such as Bangalore, Baroda, Hisar, Tiruchirappalli etc., majority of the Cantonments of India situated of Northern, North Western and North Eastern parts of India, apart from Delhi, the National capital, these cantonments exist in 16 other States.
Cantonments of India were established during Britishraj, right at the time East India Company, started installing its military establishments of 19th century, through a legislation as early as 1824AD, while Cantonments were established after the Plassey War, sequel to which there was Sepoy’s mutiny of 1857AD, whereas presently the Cantonment Boards managing each of the cantonments are functioning as per the Cantonment Act of 2006.
Cantonments refer to military residential areas, which are primarily established for the Defense and Army personnel, although kept of separate boundaries; they are intermixed with civil population areas, offering peaceful and insulated living of urban areas for the military personnel.
Cantonment Boards are formed for every Cantonment residency, which takes care of all the facilities and civic amenities of respective locations, while education for the children of cantonment has been taken up as the primary facility, besides a hospital , these Boards are administered by elected representatives coupled with nominated members from the Defense ministry, the Station Commander of the Cantonment region as the ex-officio President of the Board.
While jobs relating to basic infrastructure maintenance are managed by the Cantonment boards, like road laying, sewerage maintenance , etc besides Electricity and water supply management, most of the Cantonment Boards, operate Social clubs and canteens, to supply provisions and essential goods, apart from offering recreational facilities and entertainment.
Indian Government follows the British pattern of maintaining the cantonments, many of them having hardly any civil population, the Government having established 6 cantonments after Independence of 1947, although no Cantonments were added after 1960, while the lands for defense occupation of civil areas are adequately available with the Government to establish more Cantonments
of American parlance, Cantonments are military barracks annexed to Forts , similar feature was true of India too, although The Jhansi Fort which housed Indian Army earlier is now vacant, while Kangla Fort occupied by Assam Rifles since 1891AD has been returned to the State Government, some experts are skeptical about these changes.