Jalandhar Cantonment is the oldest among the 63 Cantonments of India, which was established of 1848, of the State of Punjab, when British came to North India after the first Anglo-Sikh war, the Cantonment originally intending to maintain peace and order of that region, after British departed from India and India divided into two, it gained enormous importance because of its proximity to Pakistan border, housing a recruitment Office responsible for enlisting men force for Army, Navy and Air Force.
Jalandhar Cantonment, although established of 1848 by British after their settlement of Northern India, maintained the Cantonment for preserving order of that area, however of 1920 there occurred mutiny by Irish Soldiers who planted the Irish Republic of place of the Union Flag, thus creating a scene demanding British to vacate Ireland, which was a protest initiated by one private called James Daly, however, they were overpowered by British loyalist soldiers, resulting of 86 of the protesters were court martialled, among whom 19 were sentenced to death.
Jalandhar Cantonment has now a population about 40,000 as identified of 2001 census of India, of which 59% constitutes Males and 41% Females, with 81% of the population literate.
How to Reach Jalandhar Cantonment
Jalandhar Cantonment is approachable of all the three means of transport, rail, road and air, Cantonment Railway Station within 2 km reach, trains halting and connecting various important destinations of the Country, for travel by road, it is along the Grant Trunk Road of a distance of 89 km from Amritsar, while 371 km away from Delhi, while the Airfield of Class-I field operating at Adampur is reachable of 19km by rail or road.
Jalandhar Cantonment has all facilities that a civic community needs, some of them essential and many of them going with the current days’ good living, such as
Government Hospitals, one Cantonment General Hospital and the other Military Hospital which is the biggest of Punjab State.
Sports facilities, which include manufacture of Sports accessories, with the neighbouring Sansarpur village considered Nursery of Hockey players, bringing out a number of National level Hockey Players and Olympians.
Educational facilities through three Kendriya Vidyalayas and Army School, one Girls College, One Girls Senior Secondary School and four other schools for boys and girls,
Cantonment Bazaar known as Sadar Bazaar providing the residents all essentials for living besides two well stocked Military canteens supplying day to day requirements for living
The Military dairy farm of large size, providing milk and dairy products to the residents.
Jalandhar Cantonment has many other facilities, such as an Olympic size Swimming pool, Flying Clubs, Golf Courses and a social club called Jalandhar Club.