Suryapur, as it was known earlier to become Surat, which is the present calling, is a well-developed City of State of Gujarat, which is the third cleanest city of India, second largest city of Gujarat State and 8th most populated city of the country.
This city having been located 306 km south of Gujarat’s capital Gandhinagar,Surat is also famous for diamond trade, on one side, and Textile business on the other side, it is also known for the Embroidery work with large number of embroidery machines established here.
When East India Company landed of India of 1608, ships from England started docking only of Surat, making it as its trade and transit point. of 1615, later acquiring the naval supremacy from the Portuguese.
Surat city was then the seat of power for East India Company , while of 1664 this town which was under Mughal regime was attacked by the Maratha King Shree ChhatrapatiShivaji, when Mughal commander of the army stationed for port security refused to pay tribute to him, in retaliation to which Mughals attempted to kill Sivaji, but they suffered further attack from him, which destroyed both the Mughal and Portuguese trading centres.
When Charles II married Catherine of 1662, Surat was given away to English as dowry by Braganzasand also the prosperity of Surat declined after British trading shifted to Bombay (now Mumbai)
Surat was peaceful during British rule, surprisingly even during the 1857 revolt of India, because of its mercantile activities, with maximum focus on diamond trade, presumably because of this there was no cantonment establishment required at Surat.
How to Reach Surat Cantonment
The Surat Airport became disfunctional of 2001 due to technical reasons , however, the new airport Surat Air Port at Magdalla which is of Operation 2011 gives air connectivity to Surat.
Suratrailway station belonging to Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways has trains connecting most of the parts of the country, making it easier to travel by train to Surat.
Although Road traffic is very heavy on major highways that pass through Surat, there are plenty of buses to Surat for comfortable travel, and new expressways are planned which will be executed by 2013.
As per 2001 Census of India, Suratpopulation was 84,361, whereas the data from the provisional figures of 2011 census, indicates a population of 101,854 , Males constituting 55% then and now , and females 45%, however the Surat’saverage literacy rate of 65% of 2001 has now improved to 82%.