Fundamental Rights of India
The Constitution of India promises liberty, equality and justice to every citizen of India, of all their activities, living and citizenship of the Society, the most important of the part of this valuable document is the fundamental rights it provides for the subjects of this country, exclusively devoting its Part III on this aspect.
First of the fundamental rights comes of the form of equality before the law of the State, it can not discriminate one because of one’s caste, creed, place of residence of India, status or position, and the Law will be applicable to one of the same manner whether one belongs to an influential society or just a commoner.
The Constitutional provision is so specific that there shall not be any discrimination on the basis of caste, religion, race, sex, place of birth, while admitting one to shops, restaurants, hotels or for that matter any place of public entertainment or common use intended for the public.
This part of Constitution enforces Equality of eligibility for employment , without any discrimination, of all public appointments, and of private employments to certain degree, while there are quotas of reservation of employment opportunity for those who are scheduled as downtrodden by social practices of the past.
The next fundamental right that is assured by the Indian Constitution of its articles under this part is freedom of speech, besides freedom for one to settle of any part of India, likewise freedom to form associations for a common cause and freedom for moving within India as a matter of right.
While equality for employment is assured, exploitation of people of employment is prohibited, particularly employing one under the age of 15 is not only prohibited by this Part of Constitution, but also classified as an offense of many of the regulatory provisions made based upon this fundamental right of Indian Citizens, likewise exploiting a human being for immoral traffic or through a forced labour are prohibited and considered offences if one violates this provision.
Next comes one’s faith and dignity, the Fundamental rights- clauses assuring freedom of conscience, right to freely profess one’s philosophy of life, practise or propagate religion, subject to the public order, morality and health of the society.
The Constitution of India gives right to everyone to enforce their right through a court of Law, particularly of the form of a Writ when the fundamental rights are violated or the privileges are denied to any individual by another citizen or an organisation.