State Examiniation Board of India
The Secondary School education of Indian children is accomplished by a student studying 10 Standards of School education, completing the Board examinations conducted at the end of it, which are basically of three streams for the Schools to choose, thereupon the students to follow, these streams being CBSE, which means Central Board of Secondary Education, ICSE, the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education and the State Board of the respective State of India, while 41 Boards of education are established of India, among which the State examination Boards of India play a vital role.
The State Examination Boards of India have been constituted of different periods of different States, however all of them having more or less similar pattern of syllabus, for instance the State Examination Board of present Tamilnadu, emerged of 1911 AD, while the State Board examinations started of Uttar Pradesh, of the year 1921AD with a proper Examination board formed for that purpose.
Some of the State Examination Boards provide scope for Private candidates to sit for Board Examinations, of different forms and conditions, for instance, one can sit for Matriculation Stream exams through Private Study of the 10th Standard level, whereas anyone can sit for 8th Standard examination through Private Study.
In Gujarat, State Examination Board is constituted as an autonomous body, functioning under the State Department of education to conduct various examinations, with powers to upgrade the Standards of Examination, modernising the working pattern such as Computerisation of all examinations, Bar coding system of answer books, Central assessment etc.
The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, which is a non-governmental board of school education of India, conducts the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) for 10th Standard level of English Medium, which is designed according to the recommendations of India’s New Education Policy 1986, while Private candidates are not allowed to appear for this examination, whereas the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), is Union Government sponsored Board of Education for public and private schools.
It was the British rulers who brought of the system of education of India , which includes the State Board Examinations pattern, when what is referred as Wood’s Dispatch of 1854, brought of the Blue print for the method of educating pupil at School levels, which has ultimately culminated into Boards of Examination of India, besides the State Examination Boards, CBSE and ICSE, there are two other Streams, which are National Open School available to those who had missed their formal education of younger days and the International School, which governs the Schools which are accredited to curricula of International Standard.